Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis and Hypothyroidism

What is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT)? HT is a thyroid autoimmune disease, whereby the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid tissue. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the lower neck, responsible for producing hormones that play a vital role in regulating metabolism. HT disproportionally affects women, estimated to be diagnosed 10 times more…

Covid19 and Women

How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected the health of women?

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has exposed glaring social, economic, political, and health inequalities, and has further widened the gap between the most privileged and most vulnerable communities across the globe. Women, people from ethnic minority backgrounds, and all gender-diverse individuals are subject to unique healthcare disparities that this pandemic has exacerbated (1). Healthcare…

Climate Change

Women’s Health and Climate Change: Time for More “Blah, Blah, Blah”?

Definitive evidence continues to demonstrate how climate change is devastating human and planetary health in low, lower-middle, upper-middle, and high-income country contexts across the globe.[1] It remains the greatest global public health challenge of the 21st century, and despite the output of COP26, it is certain that climate change will continue to be an ever-intensifying existential…

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic Shock Syndrome

What is Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)? TSS is a rare but life-threatening condition caused by bacteria entering the body and releasing harmful toxins. Almost all cases of menstrual TSS (mTSS) are caused by TSS‑toxin type‑1, produced by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. These bacteria are usually harmless, often found on the skin or in the nose and…

Endometriosis

Endometriosis: Not Just a Heavy Period

What is endometriosis? In the United Kingdom (UK), 1 in 10 women of reproductive age suffers from endometriosis[1]. This amounts to approximately 1.5 million women, which is similar to the number of women with diabetes[2]. Endometriosis can affect women of any age and is the second most common gynaecological condition in the UK (after fibroids)[3],…

Metabolic Syndrome

The Metabolic Syndrome and Menopause

Background Most women spend almost a third of their lives living with a hidden, unaddressed, yet regular experience, known as menopause. At least 60% of women have mild symptoms, 20% have severe symptoms, and 20% have none. However, with a lack of awareness into what menopause truly entails and how to help reduce its impact,…