The Metabolic Syndrome and Menopause
What is menopause?
Common symptoms of menopause
What is MetS?
After reaching menopause, many women are likely to develop MetS, a combination of an imbalance of various components in the body, including increased blood pressure, belly fat, cholesterol, lipids, and blood sugar. These symptoms can lead to an additional risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Evidence suggests that after menopause, over 38% of women have a higher risk of MetS occurring. Therefore, it is vital that there is an awareness about this syndrome to help aid women’s health, lifestyle, and comfort.
- Fat migrates to the middle of the body, causing an increase in abnormal cholesterol and lipid levels.
- A resistance to insulin in the blood leads to a condition called hyperinsulinemia. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar, and abnormal levels can further lead to conditions such as type 2 diabetes, which is also a risk factor for CVD.
- Hypertension and chronic inflammation are also associated with MetS; high blood pressure can lead to further changes such as an increase in inflammatory mediators, further causing a cascade of other reactions that lead to CVD, if unmanaged.