Covid19 and Women

How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected the health of women?

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has exposed glaring social, economic, political, and health inequalities, and has further widened the gap between the most privileged and most vulnerable communities across the globe. Women, people from ethnic minority backgrounds, and all gender-diverse individuals are subject to unique healthcare disparities that this pandemic has exacerbated (1). Healthcare…

Climate Change

Women’s Health and Climate Change: Time for More “Blah, Blah, Blah”?

Definitive evidence continues to demonstrate how climate change is devastating human and planetary health in low, lower-middle, upper-middle, and high-income country contexts across the globe.[1] It remains the greatest global public health challenge of the 21st century, and despite the output of COP26, it is certain that climate change will continue to be an ever-intensifying existential…

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic Shock Syndrome

What is Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)? TSS is a rare but life-threatening condition caused by bacteria entering the body and releasing harmful toxins. Almost all cases of menstrual TSS (mTSS) are caused by TSS‑toxin type‑1, produced by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. These bacteria are usually harmless, often found on the skin or in the nose and…

Endometriosis

Endometriosis: Not Just a Heavy Period

What is endometriosis? In the United Kingdom (UK), 1 in 10 women of reproductive age suffers from endometriosis[1]. This amounts to approximately 1.5 million women, which is similar to the number of women with diabetes[2]. Endometriosis can affect women of any age and is the second most common gynaecological condition in the UK (after fibroids)[3],…

Metabolic Syndrome

The Metabolic Syndrome and Menopause

Background Most women spend almost a third of their lives living with a hidden, unaddressed, yet regular experience, known as menopause. At least 60% of women have mild symptoms, 20% have severe symptoms, and 20% have none. However, with a lack of awareness into what menopause truly entails and how to help reduce its impact,…

PCOS and Contraception

Managing PCOS symptoms with hormonal birth control

A background to birth control Birth control has helped women advance their educational and professional goals and plan their lives and families on their own terms. Among the 1.9 billion women of reproductive age (15–49 years) living in the world today, 842 million (44%) use modern, mostly hormonal, methods of contraception (oral contraceptive pills, implants,…

SLE

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Autoimmune diseases occur when the body produces autoantibodies against its own cells or organs causing damage. About 80% of people diagnosed with an autoimmune disease are women1. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that shows a strong sex bias. In fact, women are 9 times more likely to be diagnosed with SLE2. What is…