Climate Change

Women’s Health and Climate Change: Time for More “Blah, Blah, Blah”?

Definitive evidence continues to demonstrate how climate change is devastating human and planetary health in low, lower-middle, upper-middle, and high-income country contexts across the globe.[1] It remains the greatest global public health challenge of the 21st century, and despite the output of COP26, it is certain that climate change will continue to be an ever-intensifying existential…

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic Shock Syndrome

What is Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)? TSS is a rare but life-threatening condition caused by bacteria entering the body and releasing harmful toxins. Almost all cases of menstrual TSS (mTSS) are caused by TSS‑toxin type‑1, produced by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. These bacteria are usually harmless, often found on the skin or in the nose and…

Endometriosis

Endometriosis: Not Just a Heavy Period

What is endometriosis? In the United Kingdom (UK), 1 in 10 women of reproductive age suffers from endometriosis[1]. This amounts to approximately 1.5 million women, which is similar to the number of women with diabetes[2]. Endometriosis can affect women of any age and is the second most common gynaecological condition in the UK (after fibroids)[3],…

PCOS and Contraception

Managing PCOS symptoms with hormonal birth control

A background to birth control Birth control has helped women advance their educational and professional goals and plan their lives and families on their own terms. Among the 1.9 billion women of reproductive age (15–49 years) living in the world today, 842 million (44%) use modern, mostly hormonal, methods of contraception (oral contraceptive pills, implants,…

SLE

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Autoimmune diseases occur when the body produces autoantibodies against its own cells or organs causing damage. About 80% of people diagnosed with an autoimmune disease are women1. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that shows a strong sex bias. In fact, women are 9 times more likely to be diagnosed with SLE2. What is…

PMDD not PMS

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: When It’s More than PMS

Most of us are aware of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMS is an endocrine condition affecting women’s psychological, behavioural and physical wellbeing during the luteal phase of menstruation. This phase refers to the time from ovulation to the onset of menstruation. Around 90% of women experience an unpleasant collection of physical and psychological symptoms during PMS,…

Womb Cancer

Womb Cancer: The Forgotten Cancer

It came as a double shock, firstly when a close friend of mine told me she had been diagnosed with cancer, and secondly that I had never heard of this particular cancer type even though I have been working in cancer research for well over a decade. She told me she had womb cancer, and…

Why We Are Prioritising Women’s Health

Why We Are Prioritising Women’s Health

Why have women health issues been neglected in healthcare and research institutions? Significant and ground-breaking medical, scientific, and technological advancements in the last few decades have greatly contributed to improvements in overall health, life expectancy and quality of life. Despite these developments, women’s health issues are often under-researched and underfunded, thus becoming overlooked and neglected…